The education system in Canada in its level, competes successfully with schemes of learning, adopted by the United States, England and Australia. Northern neighbor of the United States of America is recognized as one of the leaders in the international market of educational services.
In the country there is no General public education, each province is its own training program, but with the single standard that sets pretty high standards.
The government has allocated large sums from the budget to Finance all the institutions of the educational system. In Canada there are many professional associations that control the quality of education and protect the interests of students and their parents.
Training takes place on any of the official languages of the country – French or English. As in many developed countries, the educational process in Canada can be divided into three main stages:
Public gardens such as we are accustomed to see in our country, in Canada does not exist. Their specialized function is performed by officially accredited organizations. A number of seats in such institutions is restricted by legislation and the cost of training compensate partially from the state budget.
There are a number of private institutions of preschool education for children. Differences in the program and quality of teaching in private and public institutions, virtually no. But not all parents can afford to send their children to any of the gardens. An alternative, in this case, serves as a preparatory “courses” at school, which is absolutely free and lasts two years.
The system of preschool education in Canada involves the study of children at age three, and in some provinces within four years. In the first year of training focuses on the child’s adaptation to the collective, the ability to find contact with peers, to listen to the teacher and to fulfill his wishes.
The study takes place in a relaxed playful way. Canadian pre-school education aims:
- on the development of literacy and language;
- the formation of logical thinking;
- creative and physical development;
- improving mathematical abilities.
The teaching staff of private and public preschools has the right to independently develop curricula and methods of teaching. At the end of each semester in the preschool, parents are given the report, which recorded the progress of development of the child’s success or failure. Teachers will report any problems and offer additional speech therapy or consultation with a neurologist or psychologist.
If the child has any learning difficulties, teachers together with parents trying to find the source of the problem and provide possible assistance to overcome it.
School system education in Canada is one of the heritage of the country. Every teacher has a bachelor’s degree or master’s degree, and the school can boast good technical equipment of classrooms and playgrounds.
As in most countries, school education lasts for 12 years and takes place in three stages:
- higher (senior) school.
At each stage are studied compulsory subjects and disciplines that children choose themselves. With the transition to high school, list increases significantly. Academic year divided into 2 semesters, during which studied various subjects. If the program student consists of 8 subjects, in the first half of pass 4, and the second – the rest. That is every day taught a set of the same subjects, the duration of a lesson is 45 minutes.
Evaluation of knowledge occurs not in points but in percentages. At the end of the school year is calculated the average score for all subjects. To pass the course you must receive at least 50 %. The control of the acquired knowledge during the semester testing.
For motivated kids wanting to continue learning after school in high school, there is a more extensive program, which includes 35 different disciplines. The difficulty level corresponds to the first year of study at the University.
According to the world rankings, the quality of education the system of higher education in Canada ranks second after us. Diplomas from Canadian institutions of higher education are recognized worldwide. Many students who graduated from Canadian universities, was subsequently nominated for the Nobel prize and became well-known scientists and politicians.
The higher education system in Canada includes three levels:
- bachelor’s degree
- the master’s program.
- doctoral courses.
To obtain a bachelor’s degree can be in College and a master’s or doctorate only at universities.
Canadian universities are popular for special student programs, which include training and concurrent training at the enterprises. Proven student after graduation can immediately be employed.
In the programs of universities in different provinces, there are small differences. The geographical location of the University depends on the language of instruction.